How to Build a Responsive Website from Scratch

Are you tired of your website looking outdated and unresponsive on mobile devices? Do you want to learn how to build a website that looks great on any screen size? Look no further! In this article, we will guide you through the process of building a responsive website from scratch.

What is a Responsive Website?

A responsive website is a website that adapts to the screen size of the device it is being viewed on. This means that the website will look great on a desktop computer, a tablet, or a smartphone. A responsive website is essential in today's world where more and more people are using their mobile devices to browse the internet.

Step 1: Plan Your Website

Before you start building your website, you need to plan it out. This means deciding on the layout, the color scheme, and the content. You should also consider the target audience and the purpose of the website.

Step 2: Choose a Framework

There are many frameworks available that can help you build a responsive website quickly and easily. Some popular frameworks include Bootstrap, Foundation, and Materialize. These frameworks provide pre-built components that you can use to create your website.

Step 3: Set Up Your Development Environment

To build a website, you need a development environment. This is where you will write your code and test your website. You can use a text editor like Sublime Text or Atom, or an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) like Visual Studio Code or WebStorm.

Step 4: Create the HTML Structure

The HTML structure is the foundation of your website. It defines the layout and the content of your website. You should start by creating the basic structure of your website using HTML tags like <html>, <head>, and <body>.

Step 5: Add CSS Styling

CSS is used to style your website. It defines the colors, fonts, and layout of your website. You should create a separate CSS file and link it to your HTML file using the <link> tag. You can use CSS frameworks like Bootstrap or Foundation to make styling your website easier.

Step 6: Make Your Website Responsive

To make your website responsive, you need to use media queries. Media queries allow you to define different styles for different screen sizes. You should start by defining the styles for desktop screens and then add media queries for tablet and mobile screens.

Step 7: Test Your Website

Testing your website is essential to ensure that it looks great on all devices. You should test your website on different devices and screen sizes to make sure that it is responsive and looks great.

Step 8: Launch Your Website

Once you have tested your website and are happy with it, you can launch it. You will need to purchase a domain name and hosting for your website. You can use a website builder like Wix or WordPress to make launching your website easier.


Building a responsive website from scratch may seem daunting, but it is easier than you think. By following these steps, you can create a website that looks great on any device. Remember to plan your website, choose a framework, set up your development environment, create the HTML structure, add CSS styling, make your website responsive, test your website, and launch your website. Good luck!

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Written by AI researcher, Haskell Ruska, PhD ( Scientific Journal of AI 2023, Peer Reviewed